Here’s how regular sessions in a steam room can help ease the symptoms of asthma and other respiratory disorders.
Take a deep breath. It’s easy and relaxing to do, right? Not for everybody.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, one in 13 Americans suffer from asthma. That’s about 25 million U.S. residents across all genders, ages, and ethnic groups. Other estimates put the number of asthma sufferers as high as 40 million Americans. And those numbers are increasing every day.The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America calls asthma “one of the most common and costly diseases in America.”  According to the CDC, Americans spend $56 billion annually on drugs, inhalers, and other therapies to treat the chronic respiratory condition.
If you ask those who suffer from asthma, those remedies are well worth the price. Asthma attacks are frightening and serious, and there is no cure. Those who have reached for their inhaler in a panicked episode of wheezing and gasping know the feeling. It’s why asthma sufferers don’t leave their house or do anything physical without their emergency treatment at hand.
In recent years, maintenance drugs and inhalants for asthma have become more popular. Preventing potential catastrophic asthma attacks is a priority, and with multiple triggers to blame for both minor and serious episodes (e.g., allergies, pollutants, exercise, dust mites, tobacco smoke), it’s imperative that asthma sufferers be vigilant.
When devising your asthma prevention regimen, one option is often overlooked: steam heat. Spending time in a steam room has been found to help ease symptoms of asthma and other respiratory disorders. And there’s research to back it up.
How Steam Therapy Helps Relieve Asthma
An interesting statistic is that the U.S. region with the lowest rate of asthma is the South. This despite the fact that many Southern states, such as Mississippi and Alabama, have the highest rates of other chronic health conditions, such as type-2 diabetes and obesity.
Now think about the climate in the South: hot and humid. Contrast that to other hot-weather regions like the Southwest that are hot but dry. Having the country’s lowest asthma rates located in the South is probably more than a coincidence.
This association of hot, humid air with respiratory relief is consistent with research by German scientists at the University of Munich. Between the years 1983-86, these researchers did a series of experiments at the Institute of Medical Balneology and Climatology that found that steam baths helped relieve upper respiratory problems and improved asthma symptoms. In addition, steam therapy helped those suffering from bronchitis by loosening mucus and phlegm while reducing coughing.
The mechanism of steam therapy in supporting the relief of symptoms of respiratory disease is straightforward. Hot, humid air acts as a natural expectorant, and a steam room enhances this benefit because it’s a controlled environment. Asthma causes swelling of the airways of your lungs and throat. Inhaling steam causes mucosal secretions and opens up airways. When you reduce respiration resistance, you reduce inflammation and congestion. Steam therapy prevents mucous membranes from drying and initiates discharge of mucous from the throat and lungs.
This benefit was clear in a dramatic study by researchers in India who applied steam therapy to subjects with “severe acute lower respiratory tract infection.” Those suffering from bronchiolitis received steam therapy in a cloth tent. Within 24 hours, patients receiving steam therapy “showed a significant decrease in respiratory distress...”
Bronchiolitis is like asthma in that it restricts the airways and makes breathing difficult. Bronchiolitis usually afflicts small children; bronchitis is suffered mostly by adults. And while bronchitis and asthma have different causes, their symptoms are very much alike.
Obviously severe respiratory infections require a doctor’s care, and those seeking therapy sessions with steam should check with their physician before entering a steam room. But the study described above from Indian Pediatrics shows the potentially powerful effect of steam rooms on respiratory distress common in asthma sufferers.
Steam: A Total Holistic Treatment
For more than a hundred years, heat therapy has been used to help relieve respiratory discomfort by ventilating and clearing the lungs, but heat can also help clear your sinuses, which is a significant benefit for asthma sufferers. Steam therapy can dilate and clear mucus from nasal passages and Eustachian tubes. Also, studies have found that the rhinovirus, a common infection, becomes inactive at temperatures above 109 degrees Fahrenheit. While this won’t cure the common cold, it does reveal how heat therapy can have surprising effects on our overall respiratory system.
No discussion of steamtherapy is complete without revealing how sessions in a steam room can boost your entire wellness profile. These benefits are also key in understanding how steam helps relieve asthma and other respiratory ailments. For instance, heath therapy can:
- Reduce inflammation. Part of the swelling of the airways during an asthma episode is directly tied to inflammation. Heat therapy reduces inflammation throughout the body, and can help relieve the chronic inflammatory response caused by asthma. In fact there are four ways of airway inflammation associated with asthma, so any reduction in the inflammation is extremely beneficial.
- Improve circulation. Those who hyperventilate commonly have blood circulation issues. When you improve your circulation, you reduce vasoconstriction (narrowing of blood vessels) and inflammation, which helps open up bronchial tubes. An overall healthy cardiovascular system will always benefit your entire health profile.
- Relieve stress. Relaxation? You need it. Everyone needs it. Stress is an epidemic, and its dangerous effects on overall health are serious, especially for asthma sufferers. Stress can cause rapid breathing, increase inflammation due to a hormonal response, and impair circulation.
Stay Calm and Get Steamed
Asthma has many fathers and no cure. It’s a chronic condition that can greatly restrict lifestyle. Even otherwise fit and healthy people have to think twice before exerting themselves if they suffer from asthma. Allergies, exercise, mold, dust mites, air pollution, pet dander—none of these triggers are going away anytime soon, so managing asthma symptoms will continue to be a challenge for those who suffer from the disease.
A steam room will not fix your respiratory issues, but it could help bolster your asthma maintenance regimen and help relieve symptoms. It’s definitely worth a try, especially considering the other advantages of steam therapy.
If you’ve ever spent time in a steam room, you know how revived and refreshed you feel after a session. Feeling good is its own reward, but when you add these other wellness benefits, you realize that steam rooms can do more than help you breathe easier.